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Kilmainham Gaol stands as one of the most prominent unoccupied gaols in Europe, bearing witness to some of the most tragic and heroic events in Ireland's emergence as a modern nation. Established in 1796, it functioned as the new county gaol for Dublin before shutting down its doors in 1924.

Throughout its existence, Kilmainham Gaol held several notable prisoners, including leaders of the 1798, 1803, 1848, 1867, and 1916 rebellions, along with members of the Irish republican movement during the War of Independence and Civil War. Notable names such as Robert Emmet, Henry Joy McCracken, Charles Stewart Parnell, and Anne Devlin will always be associated with the building. However, it's essential to remember the thousands of men, women, and children who were held at Kilmainham Gaol during its tenure as the county gaol.

Today, Kilmainham Gaol serves as a major museum, with a tour of the prison offering an audio-visual presentation that brings its history to life. The museum offers visitors an insight into the struggles and sacrifices of the people who fought for Ireland's independence, making it an essential stop for anyone interested in Irish history.